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What is Sports Psychology?


Sports Psychology comprises of many different fields relating to different sciences regarding both psychology as well as fitness to understand and enhance the performance of athletes. Many different aspects of the study include ways to better understand player motivation, participation, as well as the effects of exercise on the body and mind.

There are a vast number of different areas for sports psychology including, but not limited to abnormal, cognitive, experimental, personal, and developmental practices. Some areas of Sports Psychology directly relate to players behaviors in a clinical environment, as well as soldiers in military settings. Athletes as well as soldiers have to endure a large amount of physical engagement in their everyday jobs, so understanding the impact of such engagements is critical to understanding what motivates and heals them.

Psychological factors, including war or sports injuries could drastically alter someone’s performance unless proper physical and psychological evaluations are made. If an injury is cured without understanding the mental impacts of the injury, it may lead to a decreased sense of sportsmanship, future injuries (both mental and physical), as well as depression or an unwillingness to engage in regular activities.

What is the Main Goal of Sports Psychology?

On a whole, sports psychologists seek to develop and improve performance for players by ensuring both physical and emotional needs are attended to. A properly motivated, confident and self-reliant player will do much better on the field than a player who lacks motivation, relies on others approval, and lacks unbreakable self-confidence.

Who is Affected by Sports Psychology?

Mental wellness does not only affect the players on the field, but also, the team as a unit and the coach. Before or after an injury, it may be necessary for a coach to fully understand what the player is going through. Sports psychology seeks to rehabilitate and preserve a players greatest traits and enthusiasm for their job.

The team as a unit is a great place to see sports psychology in action. If a team is not responding positively to certain team players, it could cause commotion, leading to distracting and sometimes destructive habits for the players involved. By understanding the issues at hand and earnestly seeking to improve the team structure, a good outlook can be put into place for the team’s future. A sour team is a team in turmoil, so it is up to

the sports psychologist to seek out realistic and applicable answers to conflicts, insecurities, and bullying.


Sports psychology was designed to expand one’s abilities and enhance their attitude both off and on the field. This can improve the performance of players, the team unit, and the coaches as a whole. There are proper methods used to encourage and instill positivity, and sports psychology dissects and presents adaptable ways to do so without bullying. A player’s personality directly affects the performance of the team and should be nourished properly.


Post-secondary experience is a must, and may include everything from a masters degree to a PhD in sports psychology programs. From there, additional programs for fitness should be attended to better understand the field and become engaged in it. The typical graduating GPA is 3.0, and a score for the GRE is 1500.

It is a rewarding career, and if helping teams and players overcome obstacles is important to you, then sports psychology may be a great area for you to focus on! 


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