Author Archives: Mark Shaftsbury

Mark Shaftsbury

About Mark Shaftsbury

Mark Shaftsbury has a background in economics and found a passion for writing after a long career abroad. He currently lives in the USA and works for a very well-known American company. He writes articles which involve his knowledge in the business industry as well as articles about education. He is a baseball enthusiast and may be found online blogging about his favorite baseball teams as well as his daughter's journey through life.

Becoming a Microsoft Engineer

Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation that manufactures and produces services and products associated with computing. Microsoft is a worldwide leader in software development and design therefore acquiring a position as a Microsoft engineer is extremely competitive.

Microsoft engineering involves the study and application of engineering to the design, development, and maintenance of Microsoft software. Microsoft engineers are knowledgeable and skilled professionals who have the creativity needed in developing Microsoft software programs. Their responsibilities include determining users’ needs in order to design and create software to meet their needs; suggesting upgrades for users’ existing programs and systems; ensuring that the software functions efficiently by performing maintenance and tests; and recording each aspect of the application for future reference.

In order to become a Microsoft engineer, students must complete a Bachelor of Science degree, specializing in computer science. During this four-year program, students are educated in areas such as Windows network security, directory services infrastructure, designing network infrastructures, Microsoft Windows OS, network engineering, network hosts, user interface, customized formatting, and generating project analysis reports. After students complete the bachelor’s degree program, they must gain experience in software development as well as using Cloud and Big Data technologies, Hadoop, MapReduce, Amazon EC2, and Azure. Students must have approximately five to eight years of experience before applying for a position at Microsoft.

After students complete the education and work experience requirements, they must pass the Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE). The MCSE measures the applicant’s ability to use Microsoft Windows servers when developing, installing, and administering infrastructures. If they successfully pass, they are able to acquire a position as a Microsoft engineer.

There are certain skills students must have in order to be successful in this profession. Microsoft engineers must be creative, innovative, and organized and have exceptional teamwork, communication, and problem-solving skills.

Those who excel in the bachelor’s degree program in computer science, gain on-the-job experience, pass the MSCE, and encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, will no doubt be successful in this demanding, challenging, and rewarding profession.

The following link is to a site that will give you more information regarding a career as a Microsoft engineer.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

Pursuing a Career in the Computer Science Field as a Computer Programmer

Computer science is the systematic study and understanding of computers and computational applications and processes. The three main fields that computer science is comprised of are mathematics, science, and engineering; therefore, students aspiring to pursue a career in computer science must have an interest in all three disciplines.

Computer programming is the extensive and thorough process from an analytical creation of a source code to executable computer programs and applications. Computer programmers are educated and trained professionals who analyze and understand these programs and systems as well as focus on the development of software that allow individuals to perform various functions on a computer.

Their responsibilities include ensuring programs operate efficiently and are able to meet new technology demands; upgrading codes through applications; studying codes for mistakes; repairing errors; working with other computer programmers on different projects; writing codes and programs that computers will be able to follow; monitoring tasks to make sure programs are working; and preparing graphs, tables, information, and data to view the performance of computer programs.

Individuals who are aspiring to become a computer programmer must complete some form of post secondary education such as a Bachelor of Science degree, specializing in computer programming. During this four-year degree, students are educated in areas such as system analysis and design, Java programming, data structures, programming logic, database implementation, visual basic programming, Linux installation and configuration, and networking essentials. After students complete the undergraduate degree in computer programming, students may acquire hands-on experience by working with an experienced and qualified computer programmer. In addition to acquiring an undergraduate degree and work experience, students must encompass specific skills and personality traits in order to be successful in this field. Efficient analytical, problem-solving, customer-service, technical, computer, leadership, and communication skills are all important skills computer programmers must have.

Those who excel in the bachelor’s degree program in computer science, gain on-the-job experience, and encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, will no doubt be successful in this demanding, challenging, and rewarding profession.

The following link is to a site that will give you more information regarding a career as a computer programmer.

http://www.educationchoices.com

What a Career in Sustainable Business Entails

A sustainable business (or green business) refers to a company or organization that implements principles, policies, regulations, and practices that have minimal negative impact on the local or global environment, community, society, or economy. Sustainable businesses participate in environmentally-friendly practices and they must ensure that all their business activities appropriately tackle present environmental issues while still making a profit. Sustainable businesses strive to meet four criteria: integrating principles of sustainability into its practices and decisions, providing environmentally-friendly goods and services to substitute non-green goods and services, being more environmentally-friendly than the competition, and making a commitment to continue its environmentally-friendly practices and decisions.

There are a number of things to keep in mind in order to develop or manage a sustainable business. Entrepreneurs and employees must be aware of current legislative regulations and changes. This entails conducting research on environmental and ecological issues on a continual basis. Entrepreneurs must be aware of green approaches and practices in business. They must also have a short-term and long-term plan and see where the business is going, its goals, and objectives. Entrepreneurs then must come up with a strategy in order to meet these environmentally-friendly goals. They must determine the appropriate resources, tools, and practices to utilize. When all of these are implemented, entrepreneurs must ensure that they still make a profit.

In order to be an entrepreneur of a sustainable business, individuals must complete some form of post-secondary education such as a bachelor’s or master’s degree in environmental science, business, finance, or economics. Students are educated in areas such as business law and ethics, organizational leadership, organizational behavior, green practices, ecology, sustainable agriculture, innovation and sustainability, preservation issues, greening existing organizations, strategic management analysis, economics, and environmental preservation. Students aspiring to be an entrepreneur should complete both an undergraduate and graduate degree in order to acquire an interdisciplinary education in the environmental science, business, economics, or finance industry. Subsequent to completion of a graduate degree, students are able to obtain professional work in this field and gain on-the-job experience, preferably in an already-established sustainable business. Once students have worked in the field for a few years, they will have gained the required skills and experience and are able to pursue their own sustainable business.

Alongside the education and work experience requirements, entrepreneurs must encompass a number of skills and personality traits which are essential in this field. Entrepreneurs must be innovative and creative. They must be able to come up with efficient and effective ways in how to run their business so that they are different and competitive with the other sustainable businesses. Entrepreneurs of sustainable businesses must have exceptional problem-solving skills and be able to determine the appropriate solutions to various issues and concerns. Positive leadership skills are important and entrepreneurs must be able to encourage and motivate others as well as lead by example.

Those who excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in environmental science or business, gain on-the-job experience, and encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, will no doubt be successful in this demanding, challenging, and rewarding profession.

The following link is to a site that will give you more information regarding a career as an entrepreneur for a sustainable business.

http://www.educationchoices.com

What it takes to be an Entrepreneur

Entrepreneurship is the practice of developing a business. This entails determining the required resources, sourcing and acquiring the necessary resources, financially supporting the business venture, and organizing the whole procedure. Entrepreneurs are educated and qualified professionals who take both the risks and rewards that this business venture entails.

Entrepreneurs must enjoy and have passion for their business and be excited about embarking on their journey as leader and manager of their own company. If entrepreneurs are not enthusiastic about or believe in their business, this will be reflected in the success (or lack thereof) of their company.

Entrepreneurs generally have a post-secondary education, such as a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business, economics, finance, or accounting. During their academic career, they will have gained knowledge in areas such as business law and ethics, microeconomics, macroeconomics, organizational behavior, organizational psychology, accounting principles, management theory, marketing and advertising, market trends and research, business policy and strategy, and venture capital. Upon completion of a graduate degree program, it is extremely beneficial to gain hands-on experience. In order to acquire this, recent graduates may work under the supervision of an experienced and qualified entrepreneur of a successful company. After gaining a graduate degree and some work experience, they are best prepared to pursue their own business venture.

In addition to education and work experience, there are certain skills which are essential for success as an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurs must have positive leadership skills. They must be able to motivate and encourage employees as well as lead by example. Exceptional customer-service skills are extremely important. All activities and operations performed in the company must be customer-focused, since customers are ultimately the people who decide the success of a company. Good technical skills are also necessary. Companies must be up-to-date in our high-tech world and use these resources to their advantage. Entrepreneurs must have great interpersonal and communication skills. They must be able to convey their ideas and opinions in a constructive way and be able to actively listen to others’ ideas and opinions as well. Entrepreneurs may deal with numerous issues and concerns on a daily basis therefore the ability to solve problems effectively, efficiently, and in a timely fashion is critical.

Those who excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in business, gain on-the-job experience, and encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, will no doubt be successful in this demanding, challenging, and rewarding profession.

The following link is to a site that will give you more information regarding a career as an entrepreneur.

http://www.educationchoices.com

How to Become a Supply Chain Manager

Supply chain management involves the control, supervision, and directing of steps that an organization needs to take in order to convert raw materials into products and distribute them to customers. Supply chain managers are educated and trained professionals who must ensure that these steps taken are efficient and cost effective. Their responsibilities include organizing the activities involved in the acquirement, production, and distribution of goods; negotiating for the lowest price for raw materials; purchasing the necessary materials; documenting and recording inventory; ensuring customer demands are being met; creating, enforcing, and adhering policies and regulations; supervising the work of employees within the company; and resolving any issues or concerns that may arise.

There are three requirements needed in order to become a supply chain manager. The first requirement is a post-secondary education. This includes a bachelor’s and master’s degree in business, finance, economics, accounting, or supply chain management. During the bachelor’s degree program, students are introduced to this industry’s principles, concepts, practices, and applications. Areas of study include accounting theory, supply chain distribution principles, quality management, social psychology, operations management, microeconomics, macroeconomics, logistics and distribution, business law, and purchasing management. Upon completion of this four-year degree program, students may obtain entry-level positions in the supply management field and gain on-the-job experience. However, those who aspire to become a supply chain manager are strongly encouraged to continue onto the master’s degree program in supply chain management. This two-year program prepares students for higher-level positions within this industry. Students conduct research and complete a thesis based on an area of focus in the business field. More advanced coursework is included in this program such as project management, business ethics, inventory administration, international supply chain management, and productivity leadership.

The second requirement is work experience. Subsequent to completion of the master’s degree program in supply chain management, students must gain work experience before becoming a supply chain manager. In most instances, students work in the industry for a few years working closely or under the supervision of an experienced supply chain manager. Once an individual has gained the knowledge and skills necessary by working for a few years, they are able to acquire a position as a supply chain manager.

The third requirement is certain skills and personality traits which are essential for success in this industry. Supply chain managers interact with a number of different individuals therefore they must have exceptional interpersonal skills. They must actively listen to their employees as well as upper management and be able to convey their ideas and opinions in an efficient manner. Supply chain managers must have great organization and time-management skills. They handle a number of different tasks on a daily basis and must meet numerous deadlines therefore, they must be able to prioritize and determine which tasks to address first and foremost. Supply chain managers must have positive leadership skills. They must have the ability to encourage and motivate their employees, assist in any way they can, and lead by example. Supply chain managers encounter a variety of issues and concerns daily therefore, they must have good problem-solving skills and be able to resolve different problems with appropriate and effective solutions.

Those who excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in business or supply chain management, gain on-the-job experience, and encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, will no doubt be successful in this demanding but rewarding profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career in the supply chain management industry.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://www.careersinsupplychain.ca/

http://businessmajors.about.com/od/degreeoptions/a/Should-I-Earn-A-Supply-Chain-Management-Degree.htm

Working as an Operations Manager

Operations management is the department within an organization that deals with the day-to-day activities of the business. Operations management oversees, designs, and directs the procedures and operations of the production of goods or services. Operations managers are educated and trained professionals who ensure that business operations are running efficiently and effectively. Their responsibilities include implementing cost control procedures to keep within budget; focusing on the delivery of quality with each step of the production process; hiring and training employees; acting as a liaison between the company and outside parties; addressing and resolving issues and problems that arise on a daily basis; interacting with clients regarding their needs; and establishing regulations and procedures within the company.

In order to become an operations manager, students must have a degree in business, economics, finance, or accounting. Both a bachelor’s and master’s degree in any of these areas is required for professional employment. The bachelor’s degree takes four years to complete and upon completion, students may obtain entry-level employment in the business industry. In order to advance further, it is strongly encouraged to continue onto a master’s program in business administration, which would take two years to complete. Students are educated in areas such as material distribution, ethics in business, market trends and analysis, quantitative analysis, operation design and control, marketing and advertising, strategic management, organizational psychology, organizational behavior, finance law, and business law. Once students have completed their education requirements, they are able to gain on-the-job experience by working under the supervision of an experienced operations manager in an organization.

In addition to the education and work experience requirements, there are certain skills and personality traits which are essential for the success in this profession. Operations managers must have exceptional interpersonal skills. They interact with a number of different individuals, from employees and upper management to customers and outside parties. They must speak to everyone in a helpful, polite, and respectful manner. Operations managers must have positive leadership skills. They must be able to motivate and encourage the employees who work under them and must lead by example. Due to the numerous tasks and responsibilities that operations managers must perform, organizational and time-management skills are important. There are always deadlines for when tasks must be completed therefore operations managers must work efficiently at all times. Issues and concerns arise daily therefore effective problem-solving skills are needed.

Those who encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, as well as excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in business, will no doubt be successful in this demanding but rewarding profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career in the operations management industry.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://businessmajors.about.com/od/degreeoptions/a/Should-I-Earn-An-Operations-Management-Degree.htm

http://careerbear.com/operations-manager

Becoming an Accounting Manager and what this Profession Entails

Accounting management is a department within a company that maintains and controls the financial health of an institution or organization by applying management techniques and methods which assess, plan, implement, and oversee programs that utilize financial data in order to make financial decisions. Accounting managers use these programs to analyze and view reports and other financial statistical information to make day-to-day, short-term, and long-term financial decisions for the company. Their other responsibilities include preparing financial statements, reports, documents, and forecasts to present to other associates; monitoring and maintaining the company’s finances; overseeing employees who are in charge of  budgets and financial reporting; researching ways to reduce costs; examining market trends; and assisting other management in the company’s financial decisions.

In order to become an accounting manager, one must complete a degree in business, economics, finance, or accounting. A bachelor’s degree in accounting takes four years to complete and upon completion, students may acquire entry-level positions in the accounting or business industry. However, in order to obtain management positions, students must continue onto a master’s degree in accounting or business. During their educational career, students are educated in areas such as financial accounting, business law and ethics, microeconomics, macroeconomics, accounting management, income taxation, accounting software applications, mathematics principles, accounting theory, and fraud examination. Upon completion of a master’s degree program in accounting or business, students must gain on-the-job experience by working under the supervision of an experienced accounting manager at a business firm, law firm, accounting firm, or corporate office.

In addition to the education and experience requirements, students must encompass certain skills and qualities which are essential for success in this industry. Accounting managers must have exceptional analytical and problem-solving skills. They must be able to recognize the appropriate solutions to various issues and make sensible and effective decisions based on the available information. Accounting managers must be comfortable with using mathematics since they work with mathematics and statistics principles on a daily basis. Exceptional interpersonal skills are important since accounting managers interact with employees as well as upper management consistently. They must actively listen to others and be able to offer advice and assistance whenever needed. Accounting managers must have good organization skills since there are times when they will have to handle a few different projects at once. Having positive leadership skills is necessary. They must be able to motivate and encourage their employees while always leading by example.

Those who encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, as well as excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in accounting or business, will no doubt be successful in this demanding but rewarding profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career in the accounting management industry.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://www.allbusinessschools.com/business-careers/article/role-of-the-management-accountant

http://www.wikihow.com/Become-a-Certified-Management-Accountant-(CMA)

Professions in Advertising and Marketing

Contrary to what a lot of individuals believe, advertising and marketing are not identical to each other, however they are related. Advertising is a discipline which involves the communication of a persuasive message to a targeted audience. Advertising’s goal is to persuade the customer to purchase goods and/or services which they are selling through print, radio, or television mediums. Marketing, on the other hand, is the methodical planning, execution, and management of a number of business activities which are intended to attract buyers as well as sellers so goods and/or services can be transferred or exchanged. This process is mutually advantageous for both parties.

In order to pursue a career in advertising and marketing, students must complete some type of formal education such as a bachelor’s degree in advertising and marketing. A bachelor’s degree program takes four years to complete and students majoring in advertising and marketing will take courses in areas such as microeconomic, macroeconomics, copywriting, online marketing, consumer behavior, organizational psychology, media planning, business law, accounting, and publication design. Upon completion of a bachelor’s degree program in advertising and marketing, students may acquire entry-level positions in this field such as a marketing research analyst, public relations specialist, or advertising sales agent. Those who wish to obtain management positions in the advertising and marketing field must continue onto a master’s degree in business (M.B.A.), majoring in advertising and marketing. A master’s degree program takes about two years to complete and students write a thesis on research they have conducted in this field. Upon completion of a master’s degree program in advertising and marketing, students may acquire positions such as a marketing manager, human resources manager, or public affairs director.

There are certain skills students, who are interested in pursuing a career in this field, should encompass in order to be successful. Advertising and marketing professionals must have good analytical and problem-solving skills. They often examine market and industry trends in order to plan profitable strategies to follow. This also entails strong decision-making skills. Advertising and marketing professionals must determine the most beneficial avenues to pursue when planning projects. Positive leadership skills are important. They must be able to motivate and encourage their staff and offer advice and guidance when needed. Advertising and marketing professionals must have exceptional interpersonal skills. They must speak to others in a respectful, polite, and helpful manner and be able to actively listen to others’ opinions and concerns.

Those who encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, as well as excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in business (majoring in advertising and marketing), will no doubt be successful in this demanding but rewarding profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career in advertising and marketing.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelynsmith/2013/03/13/the-marketing-and-advertising-jobs-with-the-best-future/

http://marketing.about.com/cs/marketingjobs/a/careers_4.htm

A Career in Human Resources

Human resources is the department within a company or organization that deals with the selection, education, training, assessment, and rewarding of its employees. Professionals who work in this department have several responsibilities which include ensuring adherence to employment and labor laws; mediating disputes between employees; assigning disciplinary procedures; interviewing qualified candidates for employment; advising managers on organizational policies; administering employee services and programs; motivating employees; and interacting with various employees in order to determine their level of satisfaction with working at the organization.

Human resources managers are educated and trained professionals who oversee the human resources department. They may find employment in various settings such as business firms, corporate offices, law firms, hospitals, insurance companies, departments within the government, or medical offices.

In order to acquire professional employment as a human resources manager, individuals must obtain both a bachelor`s and master`s degree in business or human resources. To obtain a bachelor`s degree, students must undergo four years of education, taking courses in areas such as economics, management finance, economics, personnel management, employment law, compensation, psychology, training and development, and organizational behavior. During the master’s degree program, students conduct research in the business field and complete a thesis. Coursework includes ethical issues in human resources, labor laws, human resources consulting, global human resources, compensation and benefits management, and employee training practices. Once students complete their master’s degree, they must then acquire certification as a human resources manager. This entails passing a comprehensive examination which assesses the students’ knowledge and skills in the business field. Employers generally only hire those who have fulfilled these requirements.

There are certain skills and personality traits one must encompass in order to be successful as a human resources manager. Exceptional interpersonal and communication skills are extremely important. Human resources managers interact with various associates and managers therefore they must be able to effectively communicate their issues and concerns as well as actively listen to others. They must speak to associates in a helpful, respectful, and polite manner. Human resources managers must have positive leadership skills. They must have the ability to encourage and motivate others in their work by using positive and rewarding techniques. Organizational skills, decision-making skills, and time-management skills are also needed in this occupation.

Those who encompass the skills and personality traits mentioned above, as well as excel in the bachelor’s and master’s degree program in business or accounting, will no doubt be successful in this demanding but rewarding profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career in human resources.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://humanresources.about.com/od/hrbasicsfaq/tp/careers_in_hr.htm

http://www.wikihow.com/Become-a-Human-Resources-Manager

Pursuing Accounting as a Profession

Accounting is the practice of analyzing, examining, and interpreting the financial data, information, documentation, practices, records, and statements of an individual or organization’s financial performance. Essentially, it is the study of how businesses, individuals, non-profit organizations, and government bodies monitor their income and assets through the process of keeping monetary records and analyzing financial data over time. This profession is challenging as well as rewarding since it offers its practitioners a variety of career paths to choose from. Accountants, who are educated and trained specialists in this field, are able to obtain professional employment in a number of different settings such as law firms, mid- to large-size business firms, departments within the government, hospitals, medical offices, or self-employment. With regards to advancement, accountants have the opportunity to earn promotions and climb the corporate ladder, perhaps to positions at the head-office level. As opposed to other careers which have a cap on its opportunity for advancement, accountants are able to move up as long as they are willing to put in the work.

There are certain skills and personality traits that make a great accountant. It is important to encompass some of these traits in order to be successful in this career field. Accountants must have exceptional analytical and problem-solving skills. They must have the ability to identify financial issues and suggest appropriate solutions which are tailored to the client and situation. They also examine and interpret numerous financial records and data so they must be detail-oriented and accurate when analyzing this information. Mathematical skills are essential since accountants work with mathematical principles on a daily basis. Because they handle various confidential documents and records, accountants must be conscientious and organized in their work. Exceptional interpersonal and communication skills are important. Accountants interact with different professionals, from clients to organizational managers in head-office, therefore they must speak to others in a helpful, polite, and respectful manner and be able to discuss financial concerns and issues in depth and in terminology that others, who are not familiar with this type of information, will be able to understand.

In order to become an accountant, individuals must obtain a bachelor’s degree in business or accounting. This four-year degree educates students in areas such as cost management, business ethics, income taxation, fraud examination, accounting theory, finance law, micro- and macroeconomics, accounting research methods, and financial statement analysis. Upon completion of a bachelor’s degree program, students must obtain certification to become a CPA (Certified Public Accountant). In order to qualify for certification, applicants must complete some type of formal education in the accounting field, complete 150-credit degree hours to prepare for the CPA examination, and pass the comprehensive CPA examination. Subsequent to completion of these requirements, students may acquire professional employment as a CPA.

Those who encompass the skills and qualities mentioned above, as well as excel in the bachelor’s degree program in business or accounting, will no doubt be successful in this demanding but lucrative profession.

The following links are related to pursuing a career as an accountant.

http://www.educationchoices.com/

http://work.chron.com/pursue-career-accounting-3517.html

http://justjobs.hubpages.com/hub/Pursuing-a-Career-in-Accounting-Boring-or-Brilliant